Prospect All-Star Teams By Age

Image credit: (Courtesy Somerset Patriots)

Baseball America selects an overall minor league all-star team each season and also chooses all-stars at each minor league level.

This year I wanted to take that concept and give it a different spin: prospect all-star teams by the ages.

Each group from age 19—with many players making their full-season debuts—to age 23—with many players poised to contribute in MLB next season—receives its own all-star team.

In this way, prospects are compared against their peers of the same age, rather than players at the same minor league level or players who may be more experienced and more physically mature. Because one thing is universally true of player development: more experienced, more physically mature players hit for more power.

But that doesn’t mean the younger players won’t get to those levels of power production one day.

Viewing standout minor league performers by the ages also has utility for dynasty league players, who may seek to have as many players as possible passing through the theoretical peak ages of 25 to 27 at a given time.

In choosing these all-star rosters, I made a few cheats to shoehorn worthy players onto various teams. I also applied a flex position to each of the five teams, typically choosing two catchers per team and sometimes adding a second DH. This is a reflection of the insane talent level at the catcher position currently in the minor leagues and also the fact that catchers have it tough, so depth is important.

Only players who retain prospect eligibility for 2023 were selected.

A note about statistics:

• The WAR totals are my own simple calculations based on the estimated wins above replacement value of hitters’ offensive contributions (batWAR) and pitchers’ fielding-independent pitching ERA (fipWAR). Strict accuracy is not guaranteed or even implied.

OPS+ and ISO+ for hitters and ERA+ and K-BB+ are adjusted for ballpark and compared to league average rates. FIP is park-adjusted.

OW25% is offensive winning percentage projected to age 25. It translates what a player does today in the minor leagues into what he might do in the majors at his peak value tomorrow, based on his current age and proximity to MLB. This is merely a guideline for the value of the runs the player created in the context of his current league and home park.

Age 19 Prospect All-Stars
Players turn 25 in 2028

Pos Player Org batWAR LoA HiA AA AAA MLB PA OPS+ ISO+ OW25%
C Edgar Quero LAA 4.4 X         519 152 151 .601
C Harry Ford SEA 3.9 X         503 133 123 .619
1B Deyvison de los Santos ARI 3.3 X X X     569 130 134 .513
2B Adael Amador COL 3.9 X         557 134 107 .580
3B Jordan Lawlar* ARI 3.9 X X X     439 144 140 .677
SS Marcelo Mayer BOS 3.7 X X       427 141 153 .622
OF Jasson Dominguez NYY 4.7 X X X     533 139 142 .653
OF Evan Carter TEX 3.8   X X     480 142 135 .637
OF James Wood SD 3.5 X         331 165 168 .703
DH Kevin Alcantara CHC 3.8 X         501 136 147 .615


* Jordan Lawlar appeared only at shortstop this season, but I cheated by moving him to third base to get both him and Marcelo Mayer on this team.

While there aren’t enough 18-year-olds in full-season ball to form a complete team, Brewers outfielder Jackson Chourio and Reds shortstop Edwin Arroyo are two notable exceptions who would not be out of place on this team of 19-year-olds.

Pos Pitcher Org fipWAR LoA HiA AA AAA MLB IP ERA+ K-BB+ FIP
SP Andrew Painter PHI 3.5 X X X     104 163 209 2.00
SP Cristian Mena CWS 2.4 X X X     105 117 140 3.23
SP Ricky Tiedemann TOR 2.2 X X X     79 148 179 2.51
SP Eury Perez MIA 1.7 X   X     75 112 182 3.52
SP Tink Hence STL 1.7 X         52 163 208 1.68


Andrew Painter and Ricky Tiedemann were two of the biggest pitching prospect breakouts of 2022. Each started at Low-A and climbed to High-A and then Double-A. Joining them on that development trek was White Sox righthander Cristian Mena, who is flying under radars.

Eury Perez was advanced enough to open the season at Double-A as a teenager, a rare and impressive feat.

Age 20 Prospect All-Stars
Players turn 25 in 2027

Pos Player Org batWAR LoA HiA AA AAA MLB PA OPS+ ISO+ OW25%
C Francisco Alvarez NYM 4.1     X X X 501 140 153 .720
C Diego Cartaya LAD 3.7 X X       447 145 161 .596
1B Colt Keith* DET 2.4   X       217 168 189 .760
2B Kyren Paris LAA 3.4   X X     437 128 134 .630
3B Elly De La Cruz CIN 4.9   X X     514 153 184 .651
SS Ezequiel Tovar COL 3.3     X X X 319 150 136 .793
OF Pete Crow-Armstrong CHC 4.5 X X       474 154 150 .628
OF Robert Hassell III WSH 3.5   X X     516 124 98 .614
OF Jordan Walker STL 3.1     X     544 121 109 .547
DH Noelvi Marte CIN 3.0   X       524 120 106 .438


* Colt Keith played exclusively third base and second base this season, but I cheated by moving him to first base on this team. He’s a 6-foot-3 lefthanded hitter who is bound to produce more power in the seasons ahead. This is more a case of having no good first base alternatives for the age-20 group and a desire to acknowledge Keith’s upside.

Honorable mention: The Guardians’ Angel Martinez and the Rangers’ Thomas Saggese are both 20-year-old middle infielders who reached Double-A. They got squeezed out of this age-20 roster but are intriguing prospect targets in deep leagues.

Pos Pitcher Org fipWAR LoA HiA AA AAA MLB IP ERA+ K-BB+ FIP
SP Kyle Harrison SF 2.5   X X     113 136 185 3.27
SP Dax Fulton MIA 2.6   X X     118 105 146 3.30
SP Carlos Rodriguez MIL 2.1 X X       107 136 145 3.29
SP Mick Abel PHI 1.5   X X     108 115 115 4.03
Miguel Ullola HOU 1.2 X         72 123 147 3.82


Most notable here is that 20-year-olds Kyle Harrison, Dax Fulton and Mick Abel are 2020 draftees who have zoomed to Double-A.

Age 21 Prospect All-Stars
Players turn 25 in 2026

Pos Player Org batWAR LoA HiA AA AAA MLB PA OPS+ ISO+ OW25%
C Dalton Rushing* LAD 2.5 X         130 238 219 .919
1B Kyle Manzardo TB 5.2   X X     407 186 191 .759
2B Curtis Mead TB 2.7     X X   335 138 133 .640
3B Gunnar Henderson BAL 4.9     X X X 511 152 134 .710
SS Anthony Volpe NYY 3.9     X X   604 126 134 .590
OF Mason Auer TB 4.5 X X       536 145 148 .539
OF Ceddanne Rafaela BOS 3.8   X X     527 134 148 .554
OF Corbin Carroll ARI 3.6     X X X 437 140 150 .606
DH George Valera CLE 3.1     X X   569 121 133 .535
DH Jordan Diaz OAK 2.9     X X X 530 123 119 .533


* As a 2022 draft pick, Dalton Rushing has a lot less playing time than other players here, but his pro debut was just that impressive, both by these measures and his batting traits. The Dodgers appear to have struck gold in the draft—again—with the selection of Rushing out of Louisville in the second round.

Gunnar Henderson and Corbin Carroll joined fellow 2019 draftees Bobby Witt Jr., Riley Greene and CJ Abrams in MLB late in the season. This group of 2019 preps—Brett Baty and Anthony Volpe were also first-rounders that year—may go down as one of the best ever.

Henderson and Carroll are preseason favorites to be AL and NL Rookies of the Year in 2023.

Pos Pitcher Org fipWAR LoA HiA AA AAA MLB IP ERA+ K-BB+ FIP
SP Taj Bradley TB 2.9     X X   133 147 146 3.53
SP Michael McGreevy STL 2.9   X X     144 123 112 3.82
SP Blake Walston ARI 2.4   X X     124 119 133 3.72
SP Wilmer Flores DET 2.4   X X     104 136 167 3.17
SP Simeon Woods Richardson MIN 3.0     X X X 108 147 149 3.20


D-backs lefthander Blake Walston gained feel for his changeup in the second half at Double-A Amarillo, a hitter’s paradise, which portends well as he adds velocity with physical maturity.

Age 22 Prospect All-Stars
Players turn 25 in 2025

Pos Player Org batWAR LoA HiA AA AAA MLB PA OPS+ ISO+ OW25%
C Endy Rodriguez PIT 5.5   X X X   536 166 161 .589
C Logan O’Hoppe LAA 4.9     X   X 450 160 160 .722
1B Christian Encarnacion-Strand CIN 5.1   X X     541 157 187 .598
2B Connor Norby BAL 3.8   X X X   553 137 148 .504
3B Brett Baty NYM 4.6     X X X 420 161 133 .736
SS Addison Barger TOR 5.5   X X X   530 161 160 .665
OF Justyn-Henry Malloy ATL 5.6   X X X   601 145 124 .668
OF Colton Cowser BAL 5.3   X X X   630 139 118 .583
OF Sal Frelick MIL 4.6   X X X   559 139 97 .616
DH Bo Naylor CLE 4.5     X X X 514 141 145 .653


Catcher is so deep in the minor leagues right now that the 22-year-old all-star team includes three of them! Endy Rodriguez and Logan O’Hoppe were two of the better overall performers in the minor leagues, but excluding Bo Naylor and his 20-homer, 20-steal performance just didn’t seem right.

Honorable mention: Rangers outfielder Aaron Zavala, Rockies catcher/first baseman Hunter Goodman and Yankees catcher Austin Wells all had great seasons and would not be out of place here.

Pos Player Org fipWAR LoA HiA AA AAA MLB IP ERA+ K-BB+ FIP
SP Mason Montgomery TB 3.1   X X     124 154 175 3.14
SP Grayson Rodriguez BAL 2.9   X X X   75 144 211 1.97
SP Gordon Graceffo STL 2.9   X X     140 144 154 3.73
SP Gavin Williams CLE 2.8   X X     115 157 160 2.99
SP Ben Brown CHC 2.7   X X     104 128 179 3.11


Mason Montgomery, Gordon Graceffo and Gavin Williams are all 2021 draftees who passed the Double-A test in their first full pro seasons.

Age 23 Prospect All-Stars
Players turn 25 in 2024

Pos Player Org batWAR LoA HiA AA AAA MLB PA OPS+ ISO+ OW25%
C Yainer Diaz HOU 3.1     X X X 490 133 144 .533
1B Niko Kavadas BOS 6.2 X X X     519 170 192 .620
2B Edouard Julien MIN 4.0     X     512 128 105 .548
3B Casey Schmitt SF 4.2   X X X   529 142 132 .533
SS Jordan Westburg BAL 3.6     X X   623 125 134 .478
OF Esteury Ruiz MIL 6.8     X X X 534 160 129 .739
OF Tyler Gentry KC 4.6   X X     491 152 135 .589
OF Oscar Colas CWS 4.0   X X X   527 143 143 .520
DH Alec Burleson STL 3.6       X X 476 139 125 .573
DH Jonny DeLuca LAD 3.6   X X     442 147 186 .528


If your dynasty team is looking for reinforcements on a shorter timeline, this group of players will be popping up in MLB in 2023 and 2024. Some have already gotten there.

A couple of 24-year-old hitters I like for upside and opportunity in 2023 are Cubs first baseman Matt Mervis and Tigers outfielder Kerry Carpenter. On the pitching side, these 24-year-olds should get MLB run in 2023: Braves lefthander Kyle Muller and Twins righthander Louie Varland.

Pos Pitcher Org fipWAR LoA HiA AA AAA MLB IP ERA+ K-BB+ FIP
SP Gavin Stone LAD 4.2   X X X   121 169 199 2.55
SP Brandon Pfaadt ARI 4.1     X X   167 137 220 3.71
SP Tanner Bibee CLE 3.6   X X     133 151 180 2.70
SP Hunter Brown HOU 3.1       X X 106 147 168 3.67
SP Bryce Miller SEA 3.0 X X X     134 133 147 3.41


The group of age-23 pitching prospects offers a wealth of options. In addition to those listed above, Nationals righthander Cade Cavalli, Giants righthander Landen Roupp, Reds lefthander Andrew Abbott, Dodgers righthander Bobby Miller and Mariners righthander Taylor Dollard all had success at the upper levels and are poised for MLB debuts in the near future.


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