40-Man Roster Additions, A Complete Record

Major league trades and free agent signings dominate offseason headlines, but behind the scenes each November all 30 organizations make crucial decisions about players in their minor league systems. The choices they make help shape the big league club’s roster in the near term.

This year, clubs had two dates to keep in mind for minor league maintenance:

• Nov. 6: On this date, minor league players who have accumulated at least six years of professional service can become minor league free agents if they have no deal in place for 2011. Teams added 12 such players to 40-man rosters prior to Nov. 6 in order to prevent them from leaving via free agency—they’re marked with an asterisk (*) below. The list includes the likes of Robinson Chirinos (Cubs), Cole Garner (Rockies) and Melky Mesa (Yankees).

[Note: The uniform minor league contract runs for seven years—one year plus six renewals. As commenter Mike Andrews notes, at the conclusion of the seventh year players become free agents, so long as no other deal is in place. For 2010 draft picks, their contracts will expire following the 2016 season. Most every player will have between 6 and 6.5 years of service at that time. — ME, Nov. 26.]

• Nov. 19: Qualifying players left off 40-man rosters after this date are eligible for selection in the major league Rule 5 draft. The qualification rules are difficult to condense, but Rule 5 eligibiles can broadly be sorted into two groups: 1.) Two- and four-year college players (19 and older) who signed their first pro contracts during the 2007 minor league season (or earlier), and 2.) High school and international prospects (18 and younger) who signed their first pro deals during the 2006 minor league season (or earlier).

[Note: Players who were 18 or younger on June 5 preceding the signing of their first contract must be protected after five minor league seasons. Players 19 and older must be protected after four seasons. Thank you, commenter with the screen name darryl0 for the tip. — ME, Nov. 26.]

The bulk of the players here (125) fit into the second group. Those shielded from December's Rule 5 draft include a bevvy of intriguing prospects such as Chris Archer (Cubs), Engel Beltre (Rangers), Joe Benson (Twins), Dellin Betances (Yankees), Zach Britton (Orioles), Simon Castro (Padres), Alex Cobb (Rays), Zack Cozart (Reds), Randall Delgado (Braves), Nick Hagadone (Indians), Thomas Neal (Giants), Michael Pineda (Mariners), Wilin Rosario (Rockies) and Oscar Tejeda (Red Sox).

Arizona Diamondbacks (2)
RHP Josh Collmenter, RHP Yonata Ortega

Atlanta Braves (5)
RHP Juan Abreu*, RHP Erik Cordier*, RHP Randall Delgado, RHP Cory Gearrin, OF Matt Young

Baltimore Orioles (4)
RHP Jim Hoey*, LHP Zach Britton, 1B Joe Mahoney, OF Matt Angle

Boston Red Sox (3)
RHP Stolmy Pimentel, C Luis Exposito, 2B Oscar Tejeda

Chicago Cubs (5)
RHP Chris Archer, RHP Alberto Cabrera, RHP Kyle Smit, C Robinson Chirinos*, OF Brandon Guyer

Chicago White Sox (3)
RHP Anthony Carter, RHP Nathan Jones, SS Eduardo Escobar

Cincinnati Reds (4)
RHP Daryl Thompson, SS Zack Cozart, SS Kris Negron, OF Todd Frazier

Cleveland Indians (5)
RHP Josh Judy, RHP Corey Kluber, RHP Zach McAllister, LHP Nick Hagadone, 3B Jared Goedert

Colorado Rockies (6)
RHP Bruce Billings, RHP Cory Riordan, RHP Casey Weathers, C Jordan Pacheco, C Wilin Rosario, OF Cole Garner*

Detroit Tigers (6)
RHP Lester Oliveros, RHP Jose Ortega, RHP Brayan Villarreal, LHP Duane Below, LHP Charlie Furbush, SS Cale Iorg

Florida Marlins (2)
RHP Arquimedes Caminero, RHP Evan Reed

Houston Astros (4)
RHP David Carpenter, RHP Jorge DeLeon, RHP Arcenio Leon, 2B Jimmy Paredes

Kansas City Royals (4)
LHP Everett Teaford, 1B Clint Robinson, OF David Lough, OF Derrick Robinson

Los Angeles Angels (2)
RHP Ysmael Carmona*, OF Jeremy Moore

Los Angeles Dodgers (3)
RHP Luis Vasquez, C Hector Gimenez, OF Jamie Hoffmann*

Milwaukee Brewers (4)
RHP Wily Peralta, LHP Daniel Merklinger, C Martin Maldonado*, 2B Eric Farris

Minnesota Twins (4)
RHP David Bromberg, 1B Chris Parmelee, OF Joe Benson, OF Rene Tosoni

New York Mets (5)
RHP Manny Alvarez*, RHP Armando Rodriguez, RHP Josh Stinson, 2B Jordany Valdespin, 3B Zach Lutz

New York Yankees (4)
RHP Dellin Betances, RHP Ryan Pope, 3B Brandon Laird, OF Melky Mesa*

Oakland Athletics (5)
RHP Trystan Magnuson, 1B Sean Doolittle, 2B Adrian Cardenas, OF Corey Brown, OF Michael Taylor

Philadelphia Phillies (5)
RHP Justin De Fratus, 1B Matt Rizzotti, 2B Harold Garcia, 2B Cesar Hernandez, SS Freddy Galvis

Pittsburgh Pirates (5)
RHP Mike Crotta, RHP Kyle McPherson, LHP Jeff Locke, LHP Danny Moskos, LHP Tony Watson

St. Louis Cardinals (7)
RHP Blake King, RHP David Kopp, RHP Adam Reifer, RHP Eduardo Sanchez, C Tony Cruz, SS Pete Kozma, OF Adron Chambers

San Diego Padres (7)
RHP Simon Castro, RHP Brandon Gomes, RHP Jeremy Hefner, RHP Evan Scribner, C Luis Martinez, 2B Jeudy Valdez, OF Cedric Hunter

San Francisco Giants (5)
RHP Jose Casilla, RHP Steve Edlefsen, LHP Clayton Tanner, SS Ehire Adrianza, OF Thomas Neal

Seattle Mariners (10)
RHP Maikel Cleto, RHP Josh Lueke, RHP Yoervis Medina, RHP Michael Pineda, RHP Tom Wilhelmsen, LHP Cesar Jimenez, LHP Mauricio Robles, 3B Alex Liddi, OF Johermyn Chavez, OF Carlos Peguero

Tampa Bay Rays (6)
RHP Matt Bush*, RHP Alex Cobb, RHP Dane de la Rosa, RHP Albert Suarez, C Nevin Ashley, SS Elliot Johnson*

Texas Rangers (4)
RHP Fabio Castillo, RHP Wilmer Font, LHP Miguel de los Santos, OF Engel Beltre

Toronto Blue Jays (5)
RHP Joel Carreno, RHP Alan Farina, C Brian Jeroloman, OF Darin Mastroianni, OF Moises Sierra

Washington Nationals (3)
RHP Adam Carr, RHP Cole Kimball, 1B Chris Marrero